Dangers of Methane Extraction

Why people in Kaveri delta oppose the “methane” extraction? Why the (so called) government is keen in the extraction? How the people, farmers, wildlife, nature, etc.. will be affected by the same?

People who really cares their soil and their ground water will surely oppose this kind of schemes. Let us first understand why this much opposition?

What is fracking or extraction of Methane?

1. Hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking”, is the process of drilling and injecting fluid into the ground at a high pressure in order to fracture shale rocks to release natural gas inside.

2. Each gas well requires an average of 400 tanker trucks to carry water and supplies to and from the site.

Heavy Load

3. It takes 1-8 million gallons of water to complete each fracturing job.

Fracturing Site

4. The water brought in is mixed with sand and chemicals to create fracking fluid. Approximately 40,000 gallons of chemicals are used per fracturing.

Fracking Fluid

5. Up to 600 chemicals are used in fracking fluid, including known carcinogens and toxins such as…

lead
uranium
mercury
ethylene glycol
radium
methanol
hydrochloric acid
formaldehyde

Down 10,000ft

6. The fracking fluid is then pressure injected into the ground through a drilled pipeline.

The Math

500,000
Active gas wells in the US
X

8 million
Gallons of water per fracking
X

18
Times a well can be fracked

72 trillion gallons of water
and
360 billion gallons of chemicals
needed to run our current gas wells.

Shale Fracturing

7. The mixture reaches the end of the well where the high pressure causes the nearby shale rock to crack, creating fissures where natural gas flows into the well.

Contamination

8. During this process, methane gas and toxic chemicals leach out from the system and contaminate nearby groundwater.

9. Methane concentrations are 17x higher in drinking-water wells near fracturing sites than in normal wells.

Drinking Water

10. Contaminated well water is used for drinking water for nearby cities and towns.

There have been over 1,000 documented cases of water contamination next to areas of gas drilling as well as cases of sensory, respiratory, and neurological damage due to ingested contaminated water.

Left Behind

Only 30-50% of the fracturing fluid is recovered, the rest of the toxic fluid is left in the ground and is not biodegradable.

The waste fluid is left in open air pits to evaporate, releasing harmful VOC’s (volatile organic compounds) into the atmosphere, creating contaminated air, acid rain, and ground level ozone.

In the end, hydraulic fracking produces approximately 300,000 barrels of natural gas a day, but at the price of numerous environmental, safety, and health hazards.

Don’t think it’s worth it? Raise your voice against it…Help environment to survive. Help our generation to enjoy what we enjoyed. Why are we killing ourselves for so called MONEY…..????

Courtesy: http://www.dangersoffracking.com/

Watch the video of Danger –